An Ancient and Undying Light The Waldensians from the 12th Century to the Protestant Reformation Dr. Giorgio Bouchard is currently President of the Protestant Federation of Italy. He is a Waldens-pastor and serves a congregation in Naples. From 1979 to 1986 he was moderator of the Waldensian Church.
From the Archives: A Barba of San Martino (1451) This is an excerpt from a written account of the heresy trial of Filippo Regis. Waldensians were routinely questioned about their knowledge of the elusive barba—the itinerant Waldensian spiritual leaders. Such accounts are often distorted: it is unlikely a barba would have taught to deny the virgin Birth, or to deny that "the sons" could perform miracles.
1517 Luther Posts the 95 Theses An obscure monk invited debate on a pressing church issue—and touched off a history-shattering reform movement. Dr. Eric W. Gritsch
Fool in Rome As a young monk, Luther longed to see Rome. But his 1510 trip to the Holy City filled him with pain and doubt. Dr. Heiko A. Oberman is a professor of medieval, Renaissance, and Reformation history at the University of Arizona. He is author of Luther: Man between God and the Devil (Yale, 1989), from which this article is adapted by permission.
Religion With a Human Face One woman's extraordinary faith reveals much about the ordinary faith of the Middle Ages. Joseph Lynch is professor of medieval history at The Ohio State University. He is the author of "The Medieval Church: A Brief History" (Longman).