ChristianityTodayLibrary.com
Member Login  |  Email:  Password    Not a member?  Join now!
home
 Search:  browse by topicbrowse by publicationhelp

Seminary &
Grad School Guide
Search by Name
 

or use:
Advanced Search
to search by major, region, cost, affiliation, enrollment, more!


Member Services
My Account
Contact Us
Christianity TodayApril 26April 26 1999

FREE ARTICLE PREVIEW

 ARTICLE TOOLS


Directions: What Bible Version Did Jesus Read?

Q:In what language was the Bible Jesus read?

A: If, as most scholars today believe, Jesus spoke primarily in Aramaic, though he sometimes might have also used Greek and perhaps even Hebrew, what Bible was he likely to have read and heard read in the synagogue? The answer is that he likely heard Scripture read in Hebrew and occasionally in Greek, and then paraphrased and interpreted in Aramaic. How much of this paraphrase was actually written down in Jesus' day is difficult to tell. It is probably safer to assume that most of this Aramaic tradition circulated orally and only generations later was committed to writing.

The Dead Sea Scrolls—a collection of biblical and other texts from around the first century—have shown that our Old Testament existed in several forms at the time of Jesus. There could have been as many as four Hebrew-language versions: one that lies behind the Hebrew text of the Bible that Christians and Jews use today (the Masoretic Text); a second that lies behind the Greek translation of the Old Testament, which is called the Septuagint, or LXX (and is the Old Testament of the Orthodox churches today); a third distinctive Hebrew version of the Pentateuch (the first five books of our Old Testament) used by the Samaritans; and a fourth version scholars did not know existed until the discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls 50 years ago.

In addition, the discovery of Greek manuscripts and inscriptions have also led scholars to believe not only that Greek translations of the Old Testament, such as the LXX, were available, but that Greek was widely spoken in Palestine, even among Jews. The one time we are told that Jesus himself read Scripture in the synagogue, the text he read followed the LXX (see Luke 4:16–19). ...



Are you a CTLibrary member or a Christianity Today subscriber with archives privileges?
To read the rest of this article, log in here:
Email  Password  

If you're a Christianity Today print subscriber...
...but have not yet registered for online access to CTLibrary.com, you can receive a full-year's access for just $29.95!

Register Here
 If you're NOT a Christianity Today print subscriber...
You're entitled to a special, introductory offer for new subscribers only! Subscribe now and receive a one-year Christianity Today print magazine subscription and one-year access to all Christianity Today archives for just $39.95!

Subscribe now!


Subscribe!



Subscribe now

Give a gift subscription



Shopping
Bible Studies
Leadership Training
Small Group Resources

Featured Items